Is climate change making wine taste BETTER through high quality vintages The doom and gloom surrounding global warming tends to offer a depressing picture of the future, but there may be a small glimmer of hope. Scientists have discovered climate change may actually be making wine taste better. pre bonded hairThey have found the conditions typically associated with high-quality wines have altered in recent years as temperatures have risen, resulting in consistently better vintages. Climate change may be producing better quality wines in France, according to a new study. Scientists say warmer summers are producing earlier harvests which have led to higher quality wines (stock picture of wine) In the past, high-quality wine tended to be associated with years where summer temperatures were high accompanied by a drought in the later part of the growing season. This allowed wine grapes to mature quickly while the late drought prevented excessive vegetative growth that could impact on the fruit production. TAKING SMALL SIPS OR LARGE GULPS ALTERS HOW WINE TASTES The amount of wine sipped can dramatically alter how it tastes - with small sips ideal for enjoying flavours in Chardonnay, while larger gulps are best for Rieslings, researchers claim. According to scientists, the variations in taste are caused by the differing amount of chemicals released according to the volume of the mouthful. For instance, a small sip of white wine will produce almond and wood flavours, while a large sip of the same wine will taste of citrus. Researcher Dr Paola Piombino said small sips could improve detection of molecules found in Chardonnays, Semillon and Sauvignon Blanc, while large sips favour those found in Riesling and Gewurztraminer.
The study was published in the journal Food Research International. This combination of conditions generally produced early harvest dates which have become long associated with the best French wines. But the new study, published in the journal Nature Climate Change, shows this association with drought and early harvest appears to have broken down. Instead, higher temperatures alone seem to be driving consistently earlier harvests and so higher quality wines. Dr Ben Cook, a climate scientist at Nasa's Goddard Institute for Space Studies and lead author of the study, said: 'Wine grapes are one of the world's most valuable horticultural crops. 'There is increasing evidence that climate change has caused earlier harvest days in this region in recent decades. 'Our research suggests that the climate drivers of these early harvests have changed.'remy hair extensions The researchers, which included scientists from Harvard University, analysed 400 years of harvest data from vineyards in western Europe which was then combined with climate data from measurements form the past 100 years. Climate change was reconstructed back to 1600 using historical documents and tree ring records that provide details about rainfall and temperature. In the past, high-quality wines have been associated with early harvests brought on by a combination of warm summer temperatures and late drought conditions. Recently, the role of drought has become decoupled and early harvests (grapes ready to harvest pictured) appear to be driven only by warmer temperatures The scientists reconstructed the climate data between 1600 and 2007 (illustrated) and since 1981 there has been a growing tendency for warmer wetter summers and lower levels of drought (shown under PDSI above) This was then compared to shifts in wine quality in the Bordeaux and Burgundy regions of France, based on the ratings of vintages from the past 100 years. They found while earlier harvests between 1600 and 1980 occurred in years with warmer drier conditions during spring and summer, from 1981 to 2007 temperature alone seemed to be associated with earlier harvests. The researches attributed this shift to changes that have been occurring due to climate change. As the climate warms, rainfall is also predicted to increase in many temperate regions, including France. The researchers found that French vineyards (pictured) have enjoyed consistently earlier harvests and higher quality wines as the climate has warmed French vineyards (new leaf growth on a vine in France pictured) appear to have been impacted by the changing climate for the better, but the researchers said effects elsewhere in the world could vary considerably due to different practices and conditions Dr Cook said it was likely continuing changes in climate would have an ongoing impact on the grape harvests in France and elsewhere in Europe. However, he warned the impact in different parts of the world may vary considerably. He said: 'Wine quality also depends on a number of factors beyond climate, including grape varieties, soils, vineyard management and winemaker practices. 'However, our research suggests the large-scale climate drivers these local factors operate under has shifted. 'That information may prove critical to wine producers as climate change intensifies during the coming decades in France, Switzerland and other wine-growing regions.'
Chris Rock's 33-year-old girlfriend Megalyn Echikunwoke flashed a diamond ring on her wedding finger on Saturday evening while at the Apollo in the Hamptons 2016 party in New York City. The timing is interesting as the next day the comedian finalized his divorce from wife of 20 years, Malaak Compton-Rock. The ring - a yellow gold double band with a small diamond - could be an engagement ring. As PageSix revealed on Thursday, a friend shared a clear image of the ring and added it was time to celebrate 'new beginnings,' strongly suggesting the standup could be on his way to another marriage. Bling it on! Chris Rock's girlfriend Megalyn Echikunwoke flashed diamond ring on wedding finger on Sunday the night before his divorce was finalized from wife of 10 years Malaak 'Last night we celebrated new beginnings . . . #lovewins,' the unidentified friend wrote in the caption.perruques cheveux naturels The site pointed out Echikunwoke seemed to take a dig at Malaak when she replied 'Bye, Felicia,' which is a catchphrase that pretty much translates to 'don't let the door hit you on the way out,' only not as polite. A friend added crying-laughter emojis. They look good together: The standup and Echikunwoke at the Governor's Ball at the 88th Academy Awards back in February; she does not appear to have the ring on here The post was then taken down.
The beauty glowed as she held onto Rock, who was also in great spirits. She had on a lovely floral-print dress with spaghetti straps and her hair was worn down over her bare shoulders. A source told PageSix, 'she always wears that ring,' which appears to be true as she has had it on several times in the past six months. They have been dating for one year and she lives at his New Jersey home. The last one: Rock and Malaak back in 2014; they have two daughters together and have raised an adopted daughter as well His rep then said Chris was '100 percent' not engaged. On Monday Chris and Malaak both appeared in a New Jersey courtroom to finalise the split, reported TMZ. The 51-year-old comic actor and his wife - who have been separated since 2014 -have two daughters Lola Simone, 14 and Zahra Savanna, 12. Chris and Malaak Compton-Rock also appear to have been raising eight-year-old Ntombi, who first came to live with them from South Africa when she was six months old, according to the website, although details are unclear. In divorce papers, Malaak listed Ntombi-futhi Samantha as a dependent along with the Rocks’ two biological daughters. The kids: Chris with Malaak and children Lola, Zahra Savanna and Ntombi at the Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted premiere in NYC in 2012 She stated that in addition to their two children, there is a child 'who has resided with the parties since before her first birthday.' But rather mysteriously, a spokesman for Chris told TMZ he does not have an adopted child.perruques cheveux TMZ previously reported that back in 2008, the family took in Ntombi who remained in their house and was subsequently enrolled in a local school. She mingles with the big guns: Chris and Megalyn with Harvey Weinstein at the Apollo party The site added that the girl's parents were thought to be unemployed and from South Africa, although it is not known why she was living with the Rock family. They add that when Chris and Malaak began divorce proceedings, Chris maintained contact with his two biological daughters. However their divorce case is sealed so it is not known what settlement was reached. Meanwhile, Chris began dating actress Megalyn earlier this year. Megalyn, who has had recurring roles in 24, ER, CSI Miami, The 4400, 90210 and Damien, was most recently featured as the animal-powered Vixen in the TV series Arrow.
Madonna surprised fans with an unexpected appearance at a 25th anniversary screening of her documentary Truth Or Dare on Wednesday. The superstar showed up at the event held at the Museum of Modern Art in Manhattan to the delight of the 400 or so in the audience. The 58-year-old pop culture icon shared a couple of photos on her Instagram showing her standing between two on-screen images of herself from her Blond Ambition tour of 1990. 'Surreal moment!' she wrote alongside the picture.lace front wigs Scroll down for video 'Surreal moment!' Madonna surprised fans at a 25th anniversary screening of documentary Truth Or Dare and posed next to images of herself from the 1990 Blond Ambition Tour Madonna: Truth Or Dare was first released in May 1991 and followed the Material Girl on tour and showed her behind-the-scenes with then-boyfriend Warren Beatty, praying with her backup dancers and facing arrest for public indecency at her concert in Toronto, Canada. 'So many freedoms we take for granted that we did not have then. Thank you Alek Keshishian. We changed history with this film.!' Madonna wrote.
Keshishian directed the film that was shot in black and white. Who's that girl? The pop icon, who just turned 58, delighted the 400 or so fans gathered to watch the film at the museum Of Modern Art in Manhattan on Wednesday Demure: Madonna wore an off-he-shoulder red dress with white floral detailing and cinched at the waist with a black band for her surprise appearance Sharing 'a kiki': She was accompanied by her daughter Lourdes 'Lola' Leon, 19 In a second photo shared via her Instagram, she's seen sharing 'a kiki' with daughter Lourdes Leon or Lola as she calls her. Madonna wore a red off-the-shoulder dress with a flounce neckline and black spaghetti straps. The frock features white floral detailing, half-sleeves and was cinched under the bust with a black band.cosplay wigs She added a matching black and white floral patterned purse and wore her signature blonde hair styled in loose waves to her shoulders. Madonna had just returned from a birthday trip to Cuba with Lola, 19, and adopted children, 10-year-olds David and Mercy. Truth Or Dare AKA In Bed With Madonna showed behind-the-scenes footage of the singer including candid moments with then-boyfriend Warren Beatty and prayer circles with her dancers Getaway: Madonna recently celebrated her 58th birthday with a trip to Cuba accompanied by daughter Lola, 19, and her adopted children David and Mercy, both 10